The International Progress Organization is an international non-governmental organization that enjoys consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. The I.P.O. is not affiliated with any political party or organization. It is strictly non-partisan, and not aligned with any government. The I.P.O. cherishes its independence and its reputation for tackling complex international issues with candor, toughness and objectivity. The organization based in Vienna, Austria, sponsors international conferences and research seminars on topics such as human rights, international law and economic development, and publishes the series Studies in International Relations. The I.P.O. was founded in 1972 in Innsbruck, Austria, by students from Austria, India and Egypt who were concerned about human rights. Today it has prominent members from over 70 countries including former U.S. Attorney-General Ramsey Clark, former Peruvian Prime Minister General Edgardo Mercado Jarrín; Dr. Arturo Muñoz Ledo (Mexico), former Chairman of the International Labor Office (I.L.O), and others.